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Prediabetes Screening: How and Why?

by Statcare Urgent Medical Care

Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not quite high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. 1 in 3 U.S. adults have prediabetes. Most don't know know it. Having prediabetes means that you are at an increased risk of developing serious health problems such as type 2 diabetes, stroke and heart disease.

You could have prediabetes if you have:

  • high cholesterol
  • high blood pressure
  • a parent, brother or sister with diabetes

Your risk goes up if you are overweight, and/or over age 45.

The Science of Prediabetes

Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas and released into the bloodstream. When the body breaks down carbohydrates from the food we eat into glucose, also known as blood sugar, insulin helps the body's cells absorb the glucose and use it for energy.

If the cells that respond to insulin lose sensitivity, a condition known as insulin resistance develops. When people have insulin resistance, although the body still produces insulin, it is not used effectively, causing glucose to build up in the blood instead of being absorbed by cells. This increase in blood glucose leads to prediabetes, and eventually type 2 diabetes, if left untreated.

The American Diabetes Association recommends one of the 3 screening tests to diagnose prediabetes:

  1. Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) test
  2. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test
  3. Oral glucose tolerance (OGTT) test

We offer all 3 screening tests to diagnose prediabetes at our clinics. No appointment is necessary and you’ll only wait minutes to be seen. You can call ahead at (855) 9 FOR DOC and let us know you’re on the way or you can check in online.


Protect Yourself Against Lyme Disease This Summer

by Statcare Urgent Medical Care

As the weather warms up, you and your family will probably be spending more time enjoying the great outdoors. After all, the summer brings more opportunities for you to camp, hike, swim and bike. Before going outside, though, be sure to protect yourself from Lyme disease this summer.

In 2015, 95% of confirmed Lyme disease cases were reported from 14 states: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia and Wisconsin.

What is Lyme disease?

Lyme disease is caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. If left untreated, the infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system. Lyme disease is diagnosed based on symptoms, physical findings (e.g., rash), and the possibility of exposure to infected ticks; laboratory testing is helpful if used correctly and performed with validated methods. Most cases of Lyme disease can be treated successfully with a few weeks of antibiotics.

What can you do to protect yourself?

You can decrease the chances of being bitten by a tick with a few precautions.

  1. Avoid tick infested areas. This is especially important in May, June and July. Many local health departments and park or extension services will have information regarding these areas.
  2. If you are in a tick-infested area, walk in the center of trails to avoid contact with overgrown grass.
  3. Use insect repellent. Spray repellent containing a 20%-30% concentration of DEET on clothes and on exposed skin.
  4. You can also treat clothes (especially pants, socks and shoes) with permethrin, which kills ticks on contact. Do not use permethrin directly on skin.
  5. Permethrin can also be used on tents and some camping gear. 
  6. Always check for ticks after being outdoors, even in your own yard.
  7. Remove attached ticks with tweezers. Avoid crushing the tick's body. Grasp the tick firmly and as close to the skin as possible. Cleanse the area with an antiseptic.
  8. Bathe or shower as soon as possible after coming indoors (preferably within 2 hours) to wash off and more easily find ticks that are crawling on you.
  9. After being outdoors, dry clothing in a hot dryer for 10 minutes to kill any ticks that are attached to clothing.

Source: CDC

If you think that you may be ill from a tick bite, you should see a healthcare provider to diagnose your illness. Statcare Urgent Medical Care is a great option for tick prevention advice, Lyme Disease testing and treatment. No appointment is necessary at our clinics and you’ll only wait minutes to be seen. You can call ahead at (855) 9 FOR DOC and let us know you’re on the way or you can check in online.



Warning signs of a Heart Attack

by Statcare Urgent Medical Care
Don’t wait to get help if you experience any of these heart attack warning signs. Although some heart attacks are sudden and intense, most start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Pay attention to your body — and call 911 if you feel:
  1. Pain or discomfort in chest
  2. Lightheadedness, nausea or vomiting
  3. Jaw, neck or back pain
  4. Discomfort or pain in arm or shoulder
  5. Shortness of breath

Act Fast

Learn the signs, but remember this: Even if you're not sure it's a heart attack, have it checked out. Minutes matter! Fast action can save lives — maybe your own. Don't wait - call 911 or your emergency response number.


The ABCs of diabetes

by Statcare Urgent Medical Care

What can I do to stay as healthy as possible if I have diabetes? — If you have diabetes (sometimes called diabetes mellitus), the most important thing you can do is to control your "ABCs":

●"A" stands for "A1C" – A1C is a blood test that shows what your average blood sugar level has been during the last few months.

●"B" stands for "blood pressure" – If you have diabetes, controlling your blood pressure is just as important as controlling your blood sugar. High blood pressure puts you at risk for heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.

●"C" stands for "cholesterol" – Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in the blood. High cholesterol is another factor that increases your risk of heart attacks, strokes, and other serious problems.

Why are my ABCs so important? — Compared with people who do not have diabetes, people who have diabetes are 2 to 3 times more likely to have a heart attack or a stroke. People with diabetes also have heart attacks at a younger age, and that are more severe and more deadly. Plus, people with diabetes are much more likely to get kidney disease. By keeping your ABCs under control, you can lower your risk of these problems by a lot.

Stop by any of our clinics to get your blood pressure checked as well as get your A1C and cholesterol levels checked.

Note: Cholesterol levels are accurate when drawn after fasting for at least 8-12 hours. Drinking water is allowed.


Perfect Valentine's Day Gift : Heart Health

by Statcare Urgent Medical Care

One of the best gifts we can give our loved ones this Valentine’s Day is encouragement about living a heart-healthy lifestyle.


Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. About 610,000 Americans die from heart disease each year - that’s 1 in every 4 deaths. High blood pressure is the leading cause for heart disease.  Almost 70% of people who have a first heart attack, 77% of people who have a first stroke, and 74% of people with chronic heart failure have high blood pressure.


But most of those deaths are preventable. According to the World Health Organization, about four out of five of the nearly 600,000 who die in this country every year from poor heart health could be saved with proper care and sensible precautions.


  • Smoking is a major cause of heart disease. It’s never too late to quit. The risk of a heart attack drops within two weeks.

  • For those who don’t smoke, avoiding those who do is important because exposure to secondhand smoke can increase the chance of developing heart disease by 30%.

  • The American Heart Association recommends just 30 minutes a day of moderate exercise, fives days a week. But every little bit helps. Even getting up and walking around while talking on the phone or watching TV can make a difference.

  • A well-balanced, nutritious diet is heart-healthy as well. Portions are 100% under our control and learning how to eat smart portions is a big part of eating healthier. Cut down on sodium. Diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds,omega-3 fatty acids and low-fat dairy products is beneficial. Limiting consumption of red meat helps reduce saturated fats that clog arteries and lead to heart attacks and strokes.

  • Stress is another factor. Focus on healthy outlets for stress, like taking a walk, journaling, volunteering or meditation. Getting a good night’s sleep - seven to eight hours - is also good for the heart.

  • There’s also a connection between dental hygiene and heart disease. Those who have gum disease often share the same risk factors as those with heart disease because the bacteria which causes gum disease can also inflame blood vessels. Daily brushing and flossing does more good health than just fight cavities.


A heart-to-heart discussion about a healthy lifestyle may be the best gift we could give our loved ones this Valentine’s Day.

Sources:
CDCAHA



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